Sweeteners

A sweetener is a substance used for sweetening food and other products for oral use (e.g. mouthwash and bitter drugs). Some types are produced by nature and others are produced synthetically.

According to several food legislations,...
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A sweetener is a substance used for sweetening food and other products for oral use (e.g. mouthwash and bitter drugs). Some types are produced by nature and others are produced synthetically.

According to several food legislations, sweeteners are considered the same as food additives. Therefore, they are subjected to evaluations before being sold. EFSA (European Food Safety Authority), in Europe, and FDA (Food and Drug Administration), in America, are in charge to set the acceptable daily intake and examine possible security problems.

High-intensity sweeteners are substances with an higher sweetening power than sugar, between 150 and 600 times higher than sucrose (common table sugar used as a standard terms for comparison). Other sweeteners, such as neotame, have a sweetening power even thousands time higher than sucrose. Calorie content is variable, but due to minimum doses needed, they have a calorie intake very close to zero.

Polyols are sweeteners with less calories than sugar. They are used to replace the sweetening properties of sugar and also for other functional properties: sensation you feel in the mouth, colour, structure and properties to maintain the required himidity. Erythritol is the only low-calorie polyol authorised in Europe.


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